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Guidelines for authors

Research articles

Criteria
Research articles should report on original primary research, but may report on systematic reviews of published research provided they adhere to the appropriate reporting guidelines which are detailed in our Editorial Policies. Please note that non-commissioned pooled analyses of selected published research will not be considered.
Submission process
Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The submitting author takes responsibility for the article during submission and peer review.

File formats
The following word processor file formats are acceptable for the main manuscript document:
•    Microsoft word (DOC, DOCX)

Preparing main manuscript text
General guidelines of the journal's style and language are given below.
Overview of manuscript sections for Research articles
Manuscripts for Research articles submitted to MJMS should be divided into the following sections (in this order):
•    Title page
•    Abstract
•    Keywords
•    Background
•    Methods
•    Results and discussion
•    Conclusions
•    List of abbreviations used (if any)
•    Competing interests
•    Authors' contributions
•    Authors' information
•    Acknowledgements
•    Endnotes
•    References
•    Illustrations and figures (if any)
•    Tables and captions
•    Preparing additional files

Title page
The title page should:
•    provide the title of the article
•    list the full names, institutional addresses and email addresses for all authors
•    indicate the corresponding author
Please note:
•    the title should include the study design, for example "A versus B in the treatment of C: a randomized controlled trial X is a risk factor for Y: a case control study"
•    abbreviations within the title should be avoided

Abstract
The Abstract of the manuscript should not exceed 350 words and must be structured into separate sections:

Background & objectives, the context and purpose of the study;
Methods, how the study was performed and statistical tests used;

Methods
The methods section should include the design of the study, the setting, the type of participants or materials involved, a clear description of all interventions and comparisons, and the type of analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate

Results, the main findings;

Interpretation & conclusion, brief summary and potential implications. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.

Keywords
Three to ten keywords representing the main content of the article.

Competing interests
A competing interest exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors must disclose any financial competing interests; they should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment were they to become public after the publication of the manuscript.

Authors' contributions
In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support.

Authors' information
You may choose to use this section to include any relevant information about the author(s) that may aid the reader's interpretation of the article, and understand the standpoint of the author(s). This may include details about the authors' qualifications, current positions they hold at institutions or societies, or any other relevant background information. Please refer to authors using their initials. Note this section should not be used to describe any competing interests.

Acknowledgements
Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the criteria for authorship.

Endnotes
Endnotes should be designated within the text using a superscript lowercase letter and all notes (along with their corresponding letter) should be included in the Endnotes section. Please format this section in a paragraph rather than a list.

References
All references, including URLs, must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets, in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Each reference must have an individual reference number. Please avoid excessive referencing. If automatic numbering systems are used, the reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.
Only articles, datasets, clinical trial registration records and abstracts that have been published or are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers, may be cited; unpublished abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications should not be included in the reference list, but may be included in the text and referred to as "unpublished observations" or "personal communications" giving the names of the involved researchers. Obtaining permission to quote personal communications and unpublished data from the cited colleagues is the responsibility of the author. Footnotes are not allowed, but endnotes are permitted. Journal abbreviations follow Index Medicus/MEDLINE. Citations in the reference list should include all named authors, up to the first 30 before adding 'et al.'..
Any in press articles cited within the references and necessary for the reviewers' assessment of the manuscript should be made available if requested by the editorial office.

Style files are available for use with popular bibliographic management software:
•    BibTeX
•    EndNote style file
•    Reference Manager
•    Zotero

Preparing illustrations and figures
Each figure should include a single illustration and should fit on a single page in portrait format. If a figure consists of separate parts, it is important that a single composite illustration file be submitted which contains all parts of the figure.

Formats
The following file formats can be accepted:
•    PDF (preferred format for diagrams)
•    DOCX/DOC (single page only)
•    PPTX/PPT (single slide only)
•    EPS
•    PNG (preferred format for photos or images)
•    TIFF
•    JPEG
•    BMP

Figure legends
The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file at the end of the document, rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals - i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 300 words.
Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Preparing tables
Each table should be numbered and cited in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title (above the table) that summarizes the whole table; it should be no longer than 15 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but they should be concise. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

Larger datasets or tables too wide for a portrait page can be uploaded separately as additional files. Additional files will not be displayed in the final, laid-out PDF of the article, but a link will be provided to the files as supplied by the author.
Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls ) or comma separated values (.csv). As with all files, please use the standard file extensions.

Style and language
General
Currently, MJMS can only accept manuscripts written in English.
There is no explicit limit on the length of articles submitted, but authors are encouraged to be concise.
MJMS will not edit submitted manuscripts for style or language; reviewers may advise rejection of a manuscript if it is compromised by grammatical errors. Authors are advised to write clearly and simply, and to have their article checked by colleagues before submission. In-house copyediting will be minimal.
Abbreviations
Abbreviations should be used as sparingly as possible. They should be defined when first used and a list of abbreviations can be provided following the main manuscript text.

Units
SI units should be used throughout (liter and molar are permitted, however).

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